Summarizing is putting in your own words a shortened version of the written or spoken material, stating the main points and leaving out everything that is not essential. Summarizing is more than retelling – it means analyzing information, distinguishing important from unimportant elements and translating large chunks of information into a few short cohesive sentences.
It helps students because it
- allows both students and teachers to monitor comprehension of material.
- helps students understand the organization structure of lessons or texts.
For non-fiction, show students the following steps by using a model:
- Skim the text to get a general idea of the topic.
- Delete unnecessary or redundant material.
- Find the main ideas in the text.
- Find or create a topic sentence.
- Identify key words and phrases.
- Substitute specific terms with general terms when appropriate (for example, transport instead of cars, buses, auto rickshaw)
For fiction or description, introduce a graphic organizer and ask them to fill in the information, e.g., the one here to fill in the basics of the story.
Contributor: Sonali Bhattacharyya
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